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2018年04月28日GRE考试真题回忆

2018-12-07 18:03 三立在线 admin

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摘要:作文机经 Issue Now that computer technology has made possible the rapid accessing of large amounts of factual information,people are less likely than ever to think deeply or originally.They feel unable to compete with--much less contribute to--the quantity of information that is now available electronically. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the po

 作文机经

  Issue

  "Now that computer technology has made possible the rapid accessing of large amounts of factual information,people are less likely than ever to think deeply or originally.They feel unable to compete with--much less contribute to--the quantity of information that is now available electronically."

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take.In developing and supporting your position,you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position

  题目翻译

  既然电脑技术已经使人们及时接触大量真实信息成为可能,那么人们就不太可能像以前那样去深刻地或者创造性地思考了。对于通过电子手段获得的信息量,人们已经感觉跟不上了,并且个人的作用已经减弱了

  Outline

  The availability of large amounts of factual information through the Internet does not necessarily hinder people from thinking deeply or originally.

  1. No one would doubt that computer technology has led us into an age of information, putting us on an unprecedented advantageous position to access and use the boundless sea of information

  2. And there is no denying the possibility that we suffer from a new problem—information overload.

  3. However, we should be clear that the task of human beings today is not to compete with computer technology in terms of the quantity of information we can produce.

  4. We should and we can make full use of the large amounts of information available electronically for research purposes and make original contributions

  Argument

  When Stanley Park first opened, it was the largest, most heavily used public park in town。It is still the largest park,but it is no longer heavily used。Video cameras mounted in the park's parking lots last month revealed the park's drop in popularity:the recordings showed an average of only 50 cars per day。In contrast,tiny Carlton Park in the heart of the business district is visited by more than 150 people on a typical weekday。An obvious difference is that Carlton Park,unlike Stanley Park,provides ample seating。Thus,if Stanley Park is ever to be as popular with our citizens as Carlton Park,the town will obviously need to provide more benches,thereby converting some of the unused open areas into spaces suitable for socializing。

  Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument.Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

  题目翻译

  当Stanley公园刚开放的时候,它是本市最大,最繁忙的公园。现在它仍是最大的,但已没有以前繁忙。上个月安在公园停车场的摄像机显示公园的受欢迎程度下降了:录像显示平均每天只有50辆车。与之相比,位于商业区中心的Carlton小公园平常工作日里每天游客超过150人。一个明显的差别是,与Stanley 公园不同,Carlton 公园提供充足的座椅。因此,如果Stanley公园想要像Carlton公园一样受市民欢迎的话,显然应该提供更多的长椅,从而把一些未加利用的开阔地变成便于人们交往的空间。

  写一篇文章,检查论证过程中陈述和/或未陈述的假设。一定要解释论证过程是如何依赖这些假设建立的,如果这些假设被证明是不合理的,对于论证过程来说有哪些潜在影响。

  题目分析

  A. 前提[隐性]:Stanley公园受欢迎程度降低;Carlton公园很受市民欢迎,其原因是提供了充足的座椅

  B. 结论:Thus,if Stanley Park is ever to be as popular with our citizens as is Carlton Park,the town will obviously need to provide more benches, thereby converting some of the unused open areas into spaces suitable for socializing

  因此,如果Stanley公园想要像 Carlton 公园一样受市民欢迎的话,显然应该提供更多的长椅,从而把一些未加利用的开阔地变成便于人们交往的空间

  C. 论据:

  1. When Stanley Park first opened,it was the largest, most heavily used park in town

  当Stanley公园刚开放的时候,它是本市最大,最繁忙的公园

  2. It is still the largest park, but it is no longer heavily used

  现在它仍是最大的,但已没有以前繁忙

  3. Video cameras mounted in the park's parking lots last month revealed the park's drop in popularity: the recordings showed an average of only 50 cars per day

  上个月安在公园停车场的摄像机显示公园的受欢迎程度下降了:录像显示平均每天只有50辆车

  4. In contrast, tiny Carlton Park in the heart of the business district is visited by more than 150 people on a typical weekday

  与之相比,位于商业区中心的 Carlton 小公园平常工作日里每天游客超过150人

  5。 An obvious difference is that Carlton Park, unlike Stanley Park, provides ample seating

  一个明显的差别是,与Stanley公园不同,Carlton 公园提供充足的座椅

  提纲(可攻击点)

  1、仅根据公园停车场的摄像机记录能否准确反映公园的受欢迎程度?除了自己开车来,游客还有哪些其他途径来公园?

  2、除了公园受欢迎程度降低,哪些其他原因同样可以解释“上个月公园停车场停车数量的下降”?

  3、两个公园之间是否具有可比性?哪些差异将导致对比结果的不同?

  4、是否就是因为充足座椅这个“明显的差别”导致两个公园人气的不同?哪些其他不是很明显的差别会更主要得影响公园人气?

  5、即使 Stanley 公园提供了充足座椅,是否人们就会更喜欢它?同时,占用开阔空地会有哪些负面作用?

 

  填空等价机经

  1. By recognizing commonalities among all the major political parties and by promoting a collaborative decision-making process, the prime minister has made good on his promise to cultivate a leadership style that emphasizes _____.

  A. growth

  B. politics

  C。 ideology

  D. cooperation

  E. differentiation

  正确答案

  D

  题目解析

  翻译:通过认识所有主要政党的共同点和推动协作式的制定决策过程,首相成功实现了他的承诺开创了一种强课__的领导方式。

  promoting a collaborative 提升合作,逗号前后重复,无否定词,选 D 合作 cooperation, major political parties 对应下文 prime minister

  2。 The governor has considerable political talents, but as a speaker he is far less(i)_____than his opponent,whose oratorical skills are (ii) _____。

  Blank (i) Blank (ii)

  A。 adroit D。 unpretentious

  B. unconvincing E. spurious

  C。 prolix F。 breathtaking

  正确答案

  A F

  题目解析

  翻译:这个州长拥有显著的政治才能,但是当作为演讲者时他的熟练(adroit)远少于他的对手,那些对手的演讲才能是那么的振奋人心(breathtaking)

  第一空格: 前面说到他有才能(+态度),but后面就应该是没才能的(-态度),但是后面有个less...than..对比,所以空格应该填(+态度),选项只有一个是正态度的词 adroit。

  第二空格: whose 修饰的是对手,前面对面中知道对手的演讲技能比较娴熟,所以形容对手的演讲应该是(+态度)。

  3. As the finances of the energy-trading firm began unraveling, what eventually became(i)_____was that the company had been concocting“value”out of thin air,thanks not to the trading strategies it promoted as visionary but to financial (ii) _____ that turned a once-solid entity into the most notorious(iii)_____ in an era of corporate scandals.

  Blank (i) Blank (ii) Blank (iii)

  A。 vindicated D。 redemption G。 omission

  B。 unmistakable E。 responsibilities H。 boon

  C. unverifiable F. games I. debacle

  正确答案

  B F I

  题目解析

  翻译:随着这个能源交易公司的融资情况浮出水面时,最终确凿无疑的是他们无中生有捏造出了价值,这不是来自他们有远见的交易策略,而是融资游戏把曾经坚固的财产变为臭名昭著的溃散,在这个企业丑闻的时代。

  解析:The characterization of the company's activities as“concocting‘value’out of thin air”strongly suggests that its transactions have been fraudulent.The word that completes Blank(ii)must reflect this financial trickery;“games”does so,whereas both“redemption”and“responsibilities”both reflect more upstanding behavior than the sentence ascribes to the firm.The word that completes Blank (iii) should reflect the company's fall from respectability and have a sense opposite to the“once-solid entity”with which it is contrasted.“Debacle”does this nicely,while the other two choices lack the necessary pejorative meaning.

  For Blank(i),“vindicated”suggests that there had been previous warnings about the firm's practices that were eventually borne out,something indicated nowhere else in the passage。“Unverifiable”is at odds with the sentence's surety about the firm's wrongdoing;that assurance is best conveyed by“unmistakable。”Thus the correct answer is unmistakable (Choice B),games (Choice F),and debacle(Choice I)。

  4。 The remarkable thing about the mayoral race,in retrospect,is that so many people wanted the job of managing a municipality so obviously about to _____。

  A。 materialize

  B. disintegrate

  C. crumble

  D. prosper

  E. flourish

  F. scuffle

  正确答案

  B C

  题目解析

  remarkable和so many people ...构成了一个surprise(转折),市长的位置"这么多人抢着要做"在这个城市快要______时是"很令人惊讶"的。所以空格填负面,剩 (B) (C) (F),同义字只有 (B) (C),为正确答案。(D) (E) 是同义字,但为正面,不选。

  5. It is a testimony to Roth's_____that he could not quite bring himself to write a book as dull and flat as his original conception for his novel Everyman seemed to demand.

  A. persistence

  B。 deterioration

  C. talent

  D. ambition

  E。 decline

  F。 genius

  正确答案

  C F

  题目解析

  翻译:Roth 原先对他的小说 Everyman 的构想让这部小说似乎注定乏味,但他最终没把小说写成枯燥乏味的一部作品,这正显示了他的才华。

  not dull and flat表明是正评价,BE排除 A选项 坚持 与题意无关 D 选项 野心 与题意无关

  6. In film studies—a visually oriented discipline that is_____backlit close-ups,eye line matches,and voyeuristic gazes-scholars have often been tone-deaf to the sounds of music.

  A. fixated on

  B. obsessed with

  C. unconcerned with

  D。 amused by

  E。 bothered by

  F. indifferent to

  正确答案

  A B

  题目解析

  翻译:在电影研究这个以规觉为导向的学科里,由于对背光式特写镜头,规线对焦和偷窥式凝规是非常关注沉迷的,学者们也(因此)常常忽略了音乐的作用。

  从后半句忽规后者推出前半句应该是重视前者,以tone-deaf作为关键词,选择和其相反含义的词汇,因此选择 A 和 B。

  数学机经

  1. n is a positive integer, x = 7*n + 2, and y = 6*n + 3

  Quantity A:the ones digit of x+y

  Quantity B:5

  A. Quantity A is greater.

  B。 Quantity B is greater。

  C. The two quantities are equal.

  D。 The relationship cannot be determined from the information given。

  正确答案

  D

  题目解析

  题目问的是 x+y 的个位数和 5 相比,哪个大? x+y=7n+2+6n+3=13n+5

  题目中只提供了 n>0 丏 n 为整数,所以 13n+5 的个位数有可能是 0~9 中除5以外的任何一个,故无法判断 13n+5 的个位数与5相比哪个大。

  注意:题目不是问(x+y)不 5 相比谁大

  2。 During an experiment,the pressure of a fixed mass of gas increased from 40 pounds per square inch (psi) to 50 psi。 Throughout the experiment,the pressure,P psi,and the volume,V cubic inches,of the gas varied in such a way that the value of the product PV was constant。

  Quantity A:the volume of the gas when the pressure was 40 psi

  Quantity B:1.2times the volume of the gas when the pressure was 50 psi

  A. Quantity A is greater.

  B。 Quantity B is greater。

  C. The two quantities are equal.

  D. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

  正确答案

  A

  题目解析

  题目的意思是:气体是同样的气体,只是比较在不同压强下的体积大小。P.V 是定量(假设为单位 1),压强越大,体积越小。公式应该用体积正比亍质量/压强,因此假设40psi,就当作是1/40,A就是1/40;假如50psi,就当作是 1/50,B 是 1.2 倍,所以是 1.2/50,因此答案是 A

  3.

  For the large cars sold at an auction that is summarized in the table above,what was the average sale price per car?

  正确答案

  6000

  题目解析

  问的是拍卖会卖掉的大车的平均售价,实际销售额是120000,卖掉20辆,因此每辆价格是6000美元。

  4. Rectangle R has length 30 and width 10, and square S has length 5.The perimeter of S is what fraction of the perimeter of R ? _____/_____

  正确答案

  20,80

  题目解析

  本题告知两个四边形周长,求比值,长方形周长为(30+10)*2=80,正方形周长为 5*4=20,因此分别填入 20 和 80 即可。

  本题看似简单,然而在官方统计数据中正确率非常低,原因在于许多考生自动将答案约分成了1,4。这里特别提醒大家GRE考试并不需要大家做多余的计算步骤,因此在题目没有要求的情况下请直接填写原本数值,不要做其它计算工作。

  5. A certain jar contains 60 jelly beans—22 white,18 green,11 yellow,5 red,and 4 purple.If a jelly bean is to be chosen at random,what is the probability that the jelly bean will be neither red nor purple?

  A. 0.09

  B. 0.15

  C. 0.54

  D。 0。85

  E. 0.81

  正确答案

  D

  题目解析

  概率题,60个糖豆,随机拿一个,求拿不到红色和紫色的概率,红色和紫色一共有9个,反过来就是51/60的概率抽丌到,最后结果为0。85,选D。

  阅读逻辑机经

  短篇阅读

  Since the 1980s,experts have been claiming that the skill demands of today's jobs have outstripped the skills workers possess。Moss and Tilly counter that worker deficiencies lie less in job-specific skills than in such attributes as motivation,interpersonal skills,and appropriate work demeanor。However,Handel suggests that these perceived deficiencies are merely an age effect,arguing that workers pass through a phase of early adulthood characterized by weak attachment to their jobs。As they mature,workers grow out of casual work attitudes and adjust to the workplace norms of jobs that they are more interested in retaining。Significantly,complaints regarding younger workers have persisted for over two decades,but similar complaints regarding older workers have not grown as the earlier cohorts aged。

 The last sentence serves primarily to

  A. suggest that worker deficiencies are likely to become more pronounced in the future

  B. introduce facts that Handel may have failed to take into account

  C. cite evidence supporting Handel’s argument about workers

  D. show that the worker deficiencies cited by Handel are more than an age effect

  E. distinguish certain skills more commonly possessed by young workers from skills more commonly found among mature workers

  正确答案

  C

  题目解析

  与家认为现在的工作要求超出了工人的能力---→M、T 认为工人的在 motivation,interpersonal skills,and appropriate work demeanor这几个方面的问题更大----→转折,H 认为这个缺点仅仅是年纪的问题(年纪老一些时就好了)----→值得注意的是,关于青年工人的抱怨持续了二十年,而对于年长工人,类似的抱怨并没有(随着年岁)增长(支持H的观点)

 

  长篇阅读

  In the early twentieth century,the idea that pianists should be musician-scholars whose playing reflected the way composers wanted their music to sound replaced the notion that pianists should be virtuosos whose performances thrilled audiences with emotional daring and showy displays of technique.One important figure to emerge in the period,though a harpsichordist rather than a pianist,was Wanda Landowska (1879–1959).She demonstrated how the keyboard works of Baroque composers such as Bach,Handel,Scarlatti,and Couperin probably sounded in their own times.It would be a mistake to consider Landowska a classicist,however.She had been born in an age of Romantic playing dominated by Liszt,Leschetizky,and their pupils.Thus she grew up with and was influenced by certain Romantic traditions of performance,whatever the stringency of her musical scholarship;Landowska knew how to hold audiences breathless,and when she gave recitals,they responded with deathlike silence and rapt attention.

  Her playing was Romantic,but it was at least as close in spirit to the style of playing intended by composers of the Baroque (1600–1750)and Classical(1750–1830) eras,as have been the more exacting but less emotionally resonant interpretations of most harpsichordists since Landowska.She had a miraculous quality of touch,a seemingly autonomous left hand;no artist in her generation could clarify with such deftness the polyphonic writing of the Baroque masters.And none could make their music so spring to life.

  Her achievements were the result of a lifetime of scholarship,truly remarkable physical gifts,and resilient rhythm,all combined with excellent judgment about when not to hold the printed note sacrosanct。Of course,developing such judgment demanded considerable experience and imagination。She was a genius at underlining the dramatic and emotional content of a piece,and to do so,she took liberties,all kinds of liberties,while nevertheless preserving the integrity of a composer's score。In short,her entire musical approach was Romantic:intensely personal,full of light and shade, never pedantic。

  Thanks to Landowska,Bach's music (originally composed for the harpsichord) now sounded inappropriately thick when played on the piano.One by one,pianists stopped playing Bach's music as adapted for the piano by Liszt or by Tausig.Then they gradually stopped performing any kind of Baroque music on the piano,even Scarlatti's.The piano repertoire,it began to be felt,was extensive enough without reverting to transcriptions of Baroque music originally written for the harpsichord—and piano performances of Bach and Scarlatti were,despite the obvious similarities between the harpsichord and the piano,transcriptions, no matter how faithfully the original notes were played.In accordance with this kind of purism came an emphasis on studying composers’manuscript notations,a relatively new field of musicology that is flourishing even today.

  1. The passage suggests that Landowska's playing embodied a rejection of which of the following?

  A. Emotionally resonant interpretations of musical works.

  B. An audience's complete silence during a performance.

  C. Performances of previously obscure Baroque works.

  D. The idea that a performer can correctly judge when not to hold the printed note sacrosanct.

  E. Performances emphasizing showy displays of technique that compromise the integrity of a composer's original score.

  正确答案

  E

  题目解析

  主旨直选法,细读第一句得出文章主旨:在这个时期,一种新idea代替了旧的notion。新的idea是文章主旨:pianists should be musician-scholars whose playing reflected the way composers wanted their music to sound(钢琴家应该是这么一种音乐家:其演奏反映的是作曲家希望他们的作品能够被听到的样子)。深入理解:钢琴家应该作为一种重现作曲家意图的媒介。然后说:One important figure to emerge in the period is L(本文主人公) 根据全文理解,L是这种新的idea的践行者。那么题目:L的演奏反对什么? 由上述L支持的东西来推论:L支持演奏应该原原本本的表达作曲家的意图(the way composers wanted their music to sound),那么L会反对:E一种表演:重规技巧,而compromise(此处作危害,GRE 常考)the integrity of the composer's original score.(original是关键)

  2。 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the compositions of Scarlatti?

  A. They were adapted by Liszt and Tausig.

  B. They have not been transcribed faithfully

  C. They were not composed during the Baroque period.

  D. They were composed for instruments other than piano.

  E. They fell out of favor with most musicians in the early twentieth century.

  正确答案

  D

  题目解析

  信息 1:Then they gradually stopped performing any kind of Baroque music on the piano,even Scarlatti's.

  说明S的作品从属于Baroque music

  信息 2:Baroque music originally written for the harpsichord

  说明 Baroque music 开始丌是写给 piano 的,因为是写给 H 的

  推断:S属于B;B不是写给piano;那么S也不是写给 piano,所以 D 选项正确

  3. The author's assertion that Landowska should not be considered a classicist serves primarily to emphasize which of the following?

  A。 Landowska specialized in playing the works of composers of the Baroque era。

  B. Landowska's repertoire included orchestral music only.

  C. Landowska's musical performances were not devoid of emotion.

  D. Landowska's repertoire emphasized works of long-lasting interest and value.

  E。 Landowska advocated the study of Classical style or form。

  正确答案

  C

  题目解析

  "Landowska knew how to hold audiences breathless, and when she gave recitals,they responded with deathlike silence and rapt attention. "就说明她的演奏是富有感情色彩的。然而“by composers of the Baroque (1600–1750)and Classical (1750–1830)eras,as have been the more exacting but less emotionally resonant interpretations of most harpsichordists ”说明classical表演没有感情。选项c的意思是L的表演不全没有感情,也就是带有感情,这个和classical的特点相悖,所以说明L不是 classical的

  逻辑阅读

  Despite a dramatic increase in the number of people riding bicycles for recreation in Parkville,a recent report by the Parkville Department of Transportation shows that the number of accidents involving bicycles has decreased for the third consecutive year。

  Which of the following,if true during the last three years,best reconciles the apparent discrepancy in the facts?

  A。 The Parkville Department of Recreation confiscated abandoned bicycles and sold them at auction to any interested Parkville residents。

  B. Increased automobile and bus traffic in Parkville had been the leading cause of the most recent increase in automobile accidents.

  C. Because of the local increase in the number of people bicycling for recreation,many out-of-town bicyclists ride in the Parkville area.

  D。 The Parkville Police Department enforced traffic rules for bicycle riders much more vigorously and began requiring recreational riders to pass a bicycle safety course。

  E. The Parkville Department of Transportation canceled a program that required all bicycles to be inspected and registered each year

  正确答案

  D

  题目解析

  本题逻辑链:P市骑自行车的人多了--但自行车交通事敀却减少了,问可能原因(支持逻辑链)

  选项 A:某部门拍卖被遗弃自行车卖给市民 无法解释原因,不选。

  选项 B:增加的机动车和巳士是机动车事敀增长的主要原因。跟自行车无关,不选。

  选项 C:因为本地骑自行车的人多了,许多外地自行车爱好者也来了。只是增加了逻辑链前半段,对于解释矛盾毫无帮助。不选。

  选项 D:P 市警察局加强了骑自行车的交通规则并开始要求骑车人通过自行车安全课程。支持,因为加强教育,所以大家都更注意安全了,因此事故减少。逻辑完成合理,正确选项。

  选项 E:P 市交通部取消了一个要求所有自行车每年检查注册的项目。只会加重交通问题,无法解释事敀减少,不选。

 

以上为2018年04月28日GRE考试真题回忆部分内容展示

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